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Database: ES07

Created On Monday, 10 June 2013 21:55 By José Jesús Delgado


ID Code (e. g. HU1):
ES07
1 – MIND/MENTAL FITNESS/MENTAL WELLBEING/MEMORY/COGNITIVE TRAINING PROGRAM / SERVICE /
ACTIVITIY NAME (IN NATIONAL LANGUAGE):
Colección “Estimulación cognitiva para adultos”
ENGLISH TRANSLATION: Colective stimulation for adults”
URL
http://www.imsersomayores.csic.es/documentos/documentos/sardinero-guia-01.pdf
LANGUAGE Spanish
AUTHOR
Andrés Sardinero Peña (Psychologist specialized in Neuropsychology)

2 - CONTACT DATA AND TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
ORGANIZATION (NAME):
Grupo Gesfomedia (Publishers)
ORGANIZATION (URL):
www.tallerescognitiva.com
COUNTRY:
Spain
TYPE (SME, Company, Community Centre, Health Centre, Educational Centre, Foundation,
Municipality, governmental institution, etc):
Private Company
ADDRESS:
Calle de la Ercilla, nº5, bajo derecha 28005 Madrid
TELEPHONE: : 915305385
E-MAIL: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  Private  
  In this case, please indicate the territorial
scope of the organization:
National

3 - TARGET POPULATION
Age range:
From: N/A to N/A years Not defined
Older than: N/A years  
Gender: Unisex
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS:
Overall, the Collection has been developed for any adult needing cognitive rehabilitation or stimulation. It meets the demand of materials for the intervention in adults with neuropsychological impairments and those needing a specialized cognitive training.

4 - CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIND FITNESS PROGRAM / SERVICE / ACTIVITY (NB: Should the program, service or activity be included into more than one category, please select the most representative category for that PSA. But, REMEMBER: THE PSA MUST BE SELECTED ONLY IN CASE THAT MENTAL FITNESS / MENTAL WELLBEING IS INCLUDED IN ITS GENERAL AIMS OR GOALS. IF NOT, YOU SHOULD NOT SELECT IT. The characteristics below are the means, not the goal)
Promoting a healthy lifestyle, Strengthening positive relationships, Enhancing community participation
Other: N/A
COST FOR PARTICIPATION, FEES (in Euros):N/A N/A Not defined
(EXPECTED) DURATION OF THE Programme/Service/Activity: Not defined
Begin (Month/Year, e. g. 02/2012):N/A
End (Month/Year, e. g. 02/2012):N/A or Number of weeks:N/A
Number of units:N/A
Hours per unit:N/A

5 - PROGRAM / SERVICE / ACTIVITY PURPOSES
To maintain mental abilities.
To rehabilitate psychological processes.
To prevent isolation from the environment
To foster social relations
To increase personal independence and autonomy
To reduce stress.
To generate feelings of control over their environment and reduce vulnerability.
To increase functional ability and performance of daily living tasks.
To improve the feeling of emotional, psychological and general health wellbeing
To improve patient’s quality of life.
To improve carers’ quality of life.

6 - RESOURCES
a.- Which materials were used?
a.- Which materials were used?
Pencil, paper, learning cards containing drawings, photos, tables, proverb, set phrases and sayings.
b.- Who conducted the program / service activity? (What role, what qualifications, etc.)
b.- Who conducted the program / service activity? (What role, what qualifications, etc.)
Professionals in charge of carrying out the program can be: occupational therapists, psychologists and neuropsychologists, speech therapists, educationists and psycho-educationists, nurses, geriatrics auxiliaries, and elderly care worker with specific training in Cognitive Stimulation.
Overall, the material can be used by professional therapists that have specific training in cognitive stimulation and rehabilitation.
The Collection can also be used by the family and relatives of adult people with cognitive problems

7 - METHODOLOGY USED (presentations, pair work, group work, peers, mentors, blended
learning, e-learning, etc.)
The Collection “Estimulación cognitiva para adultos” (Cognitive stimulation for adults) is a flexible tool. It has been planned from the most up-to-date theoretical knowledge and methodological procedures in the field of cognitive neuropsychology, and neuropsychological stimulation and rehabilitation. It is an attractive material for adults with full-colour plates and photos. Careful attention has been paid to the selection of images and texts for the activities to meet the needs of the people receiving the intervention, their vocabulary, their perceptive abilities, their interests and their psychological state. In short, the design of every learning card has been has been thought of from physical and cognitive ergonomics.

As well, all the Collection workshops are divided into five levels of difficulty, which is adequate to be adapted to the performance of the adults receiving cognitive rehabilitation and/or stimulation. In addition, level 5, more complex and difficult, can be appropriate in intervention modalities with preventive purposes. Instructions are easy to understand and they are adapted to the characteristics of the different people involved in the process.

All the Collection activities have been developed following the theoretical models and principles coming from cognitive neuropsychology. Their levels of difficulty y have been regulated by modifying thoroughly the variables characteristic of each task.

The activities have been chosen according to their suitability and their medical utility, always bearing in mind their rehabilitating function. Besides, the stimuli used, such as photos, written words, texts and drawings, take into account adult people’s interest profile. In addition, their size and presentation format make possible to use the cards even with patients suffering from low visual acuity, a problem frequent in adult and senior people. The design of all the cards, the spatial layout of the material and the instructions have been minutely prepared, always from a cognitive ergonomics’ point of view, by trying that every activity involves only the mental processes it has been designed for, and that it does not cause any interference due to other factors. Photos of real objects instead of drawings have been used in all the activities requiring this (in most cases). In this way the material is more appropriate, because patients suffering from visual agnosia would have had more difficulties at tasks where we intended that the object’s perceptive identification did not influence (e.g. a memory task). As well, the learning cards are full-colour, which has involved great efforts to obtain a quality material visually attractive for the users.
Through all this, the Collection makes possible a precise adjustment to every cognitive profile, degree of impairment and cultural level of the adult people receiving the intervention. All the booklets start with a “Therapist Guide” that describes in detail the tasks, instructions and cognitive processes involves in each task. Solved examples for each activity are also included.

8 - PROGRAM / SERVICE / ACTIVITY SUMMARY DESCRIPTION
The Collection “Estimulación cognitiva para adultos” is organized into 6 different blocks or workshops, each one deals with a basic cognitive process (but the last one that put together several functions).
Each block is divided into 5 booklets, ordered according to their level of difficulty. So, the full collection has 30 booklets on the whole.
Each block consists of seven different activities. Those seven activities appear in five levels of difficulty, applying changes in certain variables to increase their complexity. The variables affected by changes depend on the nature of the task and on the cognitive process being worked on. For example, Attention Workshop includes seven activities called Cancellation, Repetition, Superimposed Lines, Photo Search, Data Search, Template and Routes. So, all of them appear in the 5 block booklets, but increasing their difficulty step by step from level 1, the lowest, to level 5, the most complex. Only the Workshop on Reading and Writing and Visual Construction has fewer activities, five different tasks in this case.


Block or workshop description:

1 Attention workshop
1.1 Cancellation
1.2 Repetition
1.3 Superimposed lines
1.4 Photo Search
1.5 Data Search
1.6 Template
1.7 Routes
2 Executive function workshop
2.1 To order actions
2.2 Interference
2.3 To order lists
2.4 Reasoning over differences
2.5 Reasoning over sequences
2.6 Verbal abstraction
2.7 Visual reasoning
3 Language workshop
3.1 To order phrases
3.2 Complete with a verb
3.3 Functional words
3.4 Definitions
3.5 Synonyms and antonyms
3.6 Facilitation
3.7 Sounds
4 Memory workshop
4.1 Pairs
4.2 Recognition through semantic keys
4.3 Logical memory
4.4 Categorization
4.5 Visual recognition
4.6 What and where
4.7 Memory for faces
5 Perception workshop
5.1 Sizes
5.2 Rotation angle
5.3 Details
5.4 Colours
5.5 Silhouettes
5.6 Grouping
5.7 Line and edge
6 Workshop on reading and writing and visual construction
6.1 Praxes I. Geometric and abstract drawings
6.2 Praxes II. Real object drawings
6.3 Graphical mobility
6.4 Mechanical reading

9 - ADDITIONAL COMMENTS / CONCLUSIONS / RECOMMENDATIONS FOR OUR
MATERIAL/COURSE
N/A

10 - RELATED REFERENCES (BIBLIOGRAPHY AND/OR INTERNET LINKS)

Arango, J. C. (2006). Rehabilitación Neuropsicológica. México, D. F.: Manual Moderno.

Ardila, A., & Roselli, M. (2007). Neuropsicología clínica. México, D.F.: Manual Moderno.

Muñoz, J.M & Tirapu, J. (2001). Rehabilitación neuropsicológica. Madrid: Síntesis.

Peña, J. (2007). Neurología de la Conducta y Neuropsicología. Madrid: Médica Panamericana.

Portellano, J. A. (2005). Introducción a la neuropsicología. Madrid: McGraw-Hill.

Sardinero, A. (2009). Mejoro mi memoria. Madrid: Grupo Gesfomedia.

Tirapu, J., Rios, M. & Maestú, F. (2008). Manual de Neuropsicología. Barcelona: Viguera.

Location : UPLOAD FILES (.pdf)


Last Updated On Monday, 10 June 2013 21:56 By José Jesús Delgado