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Database: ES09

Created On Monday, 10 June 2013 22:25 By José Jesús Delgado


ID Code (e. g. HU1):
ES09
1 – MIND/MENTAL FITNESS/MENTAL WELLBEING/MEMORY/COGNITIVE TRAINING PROGRAM / SERVICE /
ACTIVITIY NAME (IN NATIONAL LANGUAGE):
“La memoria”. Programa de estimulación y mantenimiento cognitivo
ENGLISH TRANSLATION: : “La memoria”. Programa de estimulación y mantenimiento cMemory. Program for cognitive stimulation and maintenance URL (where PSA information is available):
URL
http://www.imsersomayores.csic.es/documentos/documentos/maroto-memoria-01.pdf
LANGUAGE Spanish
AUTHOR
Miguel Ángel Maroto Serrano (psychologist and gerontologist)

2 - CONTACT DATA AND TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
ORGANIZATION (NAME):
Servicio de Promoción de la Salud. Instituto de Salud Pública. Consejería de Sanidad de la Comunidad de Madrid.
ORGANIZATION (URL):
http://www.madrid.org/cs/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1109265844018&idConsejeria=1109266187266&idListConsj=1109265444710&pagename=ComunidadMadrid%2FEstructura
COUNTRY:
Spain
TYPE (SME, Company, Community Centre, Health Centre, Educational Centre, Foundation,
Municipality, governmental institution, etc):
Autonomous Government.
ADDRESS:
Instituto de Salud Pública de la Comunidad de Madrid. C/ Julián Camarillo, 4. Edificio B. 28037. Madrid.
TELEPHONE: 912052155
E-MAIL: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it / This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  Public  
  In this case, please indicate the territorial
scope of the organization:
Regional

3 - TARGET POPULATION
Age range:
From: N/A to N/A years Not defined
Older than: N/A years  
Gender: Unisex
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS:
Older people without cognitive impairment. The proposed program is aimed at users with an intermediate level, however, almost most of the exercises presented here are done by older people with different levels, only the time required for doing them changes.

4 - CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIND FITNESS PROGRAM / SERVICE / ACTIVITY (NB: Should the program, service or activity be included into more than one category, please select the most representative category for that PSA. But, REMEMBER: THE PSA MUST BE SELECTED ONLY IN CASE THAT MENTAL FITNESS / MENTAL WELLBEING IS INCLUDED IN ITS GENERAL AIMS OR GOALS. IF NOT, YOU SHOULD NOT SELECT IT. The characteristics below are the means, not the goal)
Strengthening positive relationships, Providing cognitive/memory training
Other: N/A
COST FOR PARTICIPATION, FEES (in Euros):N/A N/A Not defined
(EXPECTED) DURATION OF THE Programme/Service/Activity: Not defined
Begin (Month/Year, e. g. 02/2012):N/A
End (Month/Year, e. g. 02/2012):N/A or Number of weeks:N/A
Number of units:8 to 10 sessions
Hours per unit:1,5 to 2

5 - PROGRAM / SERVICE / ACTIVITY PURPOSES
Create a stimulating and rich space where to train and practice continuously most of the cognitive abilities of the human being.
Recognize that memory loss is a process where numerous factors intervene, and that we can intervene on some of them by applying cognitive stimulation and maintenance.
Support professionals who are holding health workshops in this area.

6 - RESOURCES
a.- Which materials were used?
Pencil and paper. Daily self-recording form for things forgotten (ADO, Auto-registro de olvidos diarios), A and B forms; daily self-recording form for attention, memory and orientation (ADAMO); exercise sheet of faces and names; numeric tables; texts for their subsequent comment; list of words and things to do; lecture room.
b.- Who conducted the program / service activity? (What role, what qualifications, etc.)
Instructors specialized in the treatment of cognitive problems.

7 - METHODOLOGY USED (presentations, pair work, group work, peers, mentors, blended
learning, e-learning, etc.)
Preparing an intervention program on memory problems aimed at older people without cognitive impairment, requires, as mentioned above, to determine previously the participants’ social, cultural and educational level and their sensory limitations.
The program described here is intended for users with an intermediate level. In the case the target group to have a lower level, or the group to consist of people with different levels, we should modify the instructions for the exercises, make sure that they are understood, and provide an extra time for the exercises to be done.
In most cases, almost all the exercises presented here are done by older people of different level, being different the time required for doing them. However, it is clear that if they have not acquired certain abilities (such as reading, writing or numeracy), we cannot carry out the program as described here.
Beyond these recommendations, different methods and techniques are used according to the different activities proposed. Some of them are described below:
- Exercise of faces and names:
We suggest starting the exercise Face-Names Association by asking previously the group whether they find easy to learn the names of new people or, on the contrary, whether they are not “good at names”. We should explain later the basis of the theory. This can be a group exercise, trying not to offend with the associations established and taking into account that we will not use afterwards any nickname or association to name a person. The instructor must also, session after session, ask the users to tell the names of their partners.
- Exercises of concept-image association:
The “method of loci” /method of places). The first step is to create a mental map of our own house, establishing an order of the places where we would go by from the street to the bottom of the house. Each person will have a mental map of their house, on occasion the route and in certain occasions route and order should be established, for at some houses different routes can be established. Afterwards, we ask some people to described “their route” or mental map with their eyes closed. Then, we will develop the essence of the method that consists of associating mental images of things, which will make easier certain items to be remembered, to certain locations of our mental map; so afterwards we must only go mentally round our map and collect the objects that we have left there and that remind us of the “things to be done or to be bought”. For this purpose, we propose everybody to write down, on the next form, on the left column the respective location and then on the right column the object we have placed there. Then, by only closing their eyes and imagining it, it will be memorized almost automatically.

8 - PROGRAM / SERVICE / ACTIVITY SUMMARY DESCRIPTION
We suggest the following arrangement as standard session:
• Call the register
• Group review of the homework given at the previous session
•Description and practice of a memory technique or a cognitive stimulation exercise.
•Description and assignment of homework
•Certain sessions can finish with Relaxation

We will describe now each of the sessions (ten sessions):

- Session 1
Welcome and call the register. Possible pre-assessment (We attach to the annexes a “Questionnaire of memory complaints” for collective application, which will provide for basic information at the end of the program: Does the person think that the workshop has been useful? Do they have few oversights and memory losses? Which are the areas where the workshop has been more helpful? Dynamics: What kind of memory losses do they have? Does their memory work worst as they get older? Why do they think this happens?
- Session 2
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement. Memory technique: association applied to “Faces and Names” (of our group). Homework assignment and explanation: “Incomplete words 1”.
- Session 3
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement. Memory technique: review, do they remember the names learnt in the previous session? Association. Homework assignment and explanation: 1) “Incomplete words 1”and 2) AOD (it is important to explain well and to justify its use).
- Session 4
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement, on the ADO. Each one’s memory losses must be commented, they should comment how they happened, whether they are common for somebody else, etc. Review of the previous techniques: Do they remember the names of the group? (We will ask each one to sit down where they were during the previous session: precise memory of keys and spatial orientation or context can also help initially). Do they remember the association exercise list? Memory technique: Association applied to the shopping list Homework assignment and explanation: 1) Calculation exercises: “Find groups of numbers I” (explain and check that it has been well understood) and 2) AOD. As we can see, each session devotes one part to review and reinforce the homework, another to instruct about a memory technique, or else, to do some group exercises, and the last part to assign and explain the following session homework.
- Session 5
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement. Review of the previous techniques: do they remember the names of the group? Do they remember the association exercise list? Do they remember their shopping list? Memory technique: “The method of loci” Homework assignment and explanation: 1) Calculation exercises: “Find groups of numbers II”. 2) ADAMO (daily self-recording form for attention, memory and orientation), providing instructions and explanations for its use.
- Session 6
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement (on the ADAMO, we will also make reference to the highlight news item in order to motivate and reinforce them). Review of the previous techniques, do they remember the names of the group? Do they remember the association exercise list? Do they remember their shopping list? Do they remember the list of things to do of the “method of loci”? Stimulation exercises: long-term memory, memory of names. Homework assignment and explanation: 1) Repeated words I; 2) Biography of positive events; and 3) ADAMO.
- Session 7
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement). Review of the previous techniques: Do they remember the names of the group? Do they remember the association exercise list? Do they remember their shopping list? Do they remember the list of things to do of the “method of loci”? Memory technique: Concept-image exercises. Homework assignment and explanation: 1) Repeated words II; and 2) ADAMO.
- Session 8
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement. Review of the previous techniques, do they remember the names of the group? Do they remember the association exercise list? Do they remember their shopping list? Do they remember the list of things to do of the “method of loci”? Do they remember the pair of words of the previous session? Stimulation exercises: “Order alphabetically I” (it is encouraging to explain how the exercise must be done, by writing on the blackboard the alphabet and starting with the 3 or 4 first words). Homework assignment and explanation: 1) order alphabetically II and 2) Spatial orientation exercises I “My neighbourhood”.
- Session 9
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement. Review of the previous techniques, do they remember the names of the group? Do they remember the association exercise list? Do they remember their shopping list? Do they remember the list of things to do of the “method of loci”? Do they remember the pair of words of the previous session? Stimulation exercises: Attention exercises): “Find letters I” and Find images I”. Homework assignment and explanation: 1) Find letters II”. Find images II” and Spatial orientation exercises II “My house...”
- Session 10ª
Welcome and call the register. Homework review and general and individual reinforcement. Review of all what have been work on in the workshop. Our objective has been demonstrated that if you make your memory work correctly, it will work well, no matter the age. We will insist on the need for continuing to stimulate mental abilities. Reviews: Do they remember the names of the group? Do they remember the association exercise list? Do they remember their shopping list? Do they remember the list of things to do of the “method of loci”? Do they remember the pair of words of the previous session?
- Questionnaire of organization and general satisfaction.
- Questionnaire of memory complaints-– Post.

This arrangement of the session can be modified and even extended. On the annexes it can be found enough material to continue, if requested, the program up to 5-7 more sessions. In addition, the instructors can made by themselves material based on the keys provided along the manual.

9 - ADDITIONAL COMMENTS / CONCLUSIONS / RECOMMENDATIONS FOR OUR
MATERIAL/COURSE
N/A

10 - RELATED REFERENCES (BIBLIOGRAPHY AND/OR INTERNET LINKS)

Maroto, M.A. (2000). Taller de memoria. Barcelona: Madrid: TEA Ediciones, S.A.
Maroto, M.A. (2005). Taller de memoria. Juego completo. Madrid: TEA Ediciones, S.A.
Maroto, M.A. (2009). Taller de memoria 2. Cuaderno de actividades. Barcelona: Madrid: TEA Ediciones, S.A.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n_bQVYQ61TA

Location : UPLOAD FILES (.pdf)


Last Updated On Monday, 10 June 2013 22:39 By José Jesús Delgado